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David Lipetz (Max Petrovsky), the son of a wealthy Jewish merchant, was born in the Ukraine in 1883. As a young man he joined the Social Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) and later joined the Bolshevik faction. In 1907 he attended the SDLP conference in London. As he would have been arrested if he returned to Russia he moved to Brussels where he studied for a doctorate. Lipetz, who now changed his name to Max Goldfarb, moved to the United States where he was a leading writer for Yiddish socialist newspapers.
After the Russian Revolution Goldfarb returned to Russia and was elected president of the province of Burdichev, as well as leader of the Jewish community in the area. According to Francis Beckett: "He defended his city's Jews against the Bolsheviks and was twice sentenced to be executed, first by the Ukrainian army and then by the Soviet military command." Changing his name to Max Petrovsky, he went to Moscow in 1919 and became a key official in the Soviet Commission of Defence.
Petrovsky became a member of Comintern and in 1921 he was sent to London to arrange funding for the Labour Research Department after the Labour Party severed links with the organisation. He returned in 1924 to be guide and mentor to the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). During this period he fell in love with Rose Cohen. She also became a Comintern agent, she travelled the world, entrusted with secret missions and conveying not just messages but money and advice to communist parties. In 1922 and 1923 she spent long periods in the Soviet Union and travelled extensively, to Finland, Germany, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Turkey, France, Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
Petrovsky became an important figure in the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). He was especially close to Bob Stewart, Robin Page Arnot and A. J. Cook, the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers during the General Strike. Page Arnot later claimed that Petrovsky "was the only comrade on the Comintern with whom I and the rest of the British comrades had the closest links and a personal friendship." Stewart said Petrovsky "had great influence not only on us... but also on such people as Arthur Cook."
Petrovsky eventually married Cohen and in 1927 moved permanently to Moscow. She continued to visit countries on missions for the Comintern. Petrovsky's son, Alyosha, was born in 1929. She began studying at the Lenin School and later she became foreign editor of the Moscow Daily News. This involved a lot of travelling and meant that she had to leave her son with friends in Moscow. Cohen told her sister: "I miss Alyosha terribly, and I'm wondering whether I will last out to the end of the month without him." Cohen was living a privileged life-style and one English visitor described her as "incredibly snobby and earns a vast salary". Freda Utley complained that Cohen "is so very smooth and insincere and also so terribly conceited".
Ivy Litvinov commented: "Max Petrovsky was the ugliest man you ever saw, but very charming. He had one of those great drooping noses and he was a great hulking man, very much older than she was.... She was quite a little celebrity in Moscow.... They had a lovely apartment and they had a little boy and we all became great friends. I was great friends with Rose. And whenever I was alone with Petrovsky he used to make a pass at me.... Like some people did in Moscow, they dressed (Alyosha) terribly, in plus fours and cloth caps."
Francis Beckett, the author of Stalin's British Victims (2004): "Rose and Max were very happy. They were the golden couple of the expatriate community in Moscow, both had exciting, important and interesting jobs, and their son Alyosha was born in December 1929. They were devoted to him. They were sure, not only of their own future, but of the future of the great socialist revolution of which they felt privileged to be a part. In 1930 they moved out of the Hotel Lux and into a flat - a rather splendid one by Moscow standards of the time. Rose seems to have deceived herself into believing that the average Muscovite benefited as much as she and Max did from the revolution."
In October 1934 Rose Cohen wrote to her friend Nellie Rathbone about a holiday she and Max had taken in Georgia: "I've been so busy sun-bathing, sea-bathing, tennis, walking - and eating, that I have had no time to write letters... So far the trip has been marvellous... We stayed three days in Tiflis and nearly died of Georgian hospitality. We met the loveliest people there, who vied with each other to entertain us. You would probably hate the Georgian food, except that they put nuts in everything - but also a special kind of vinegar which they call wine vinegar. For instance, in chicken broth they add this vinegar and the beaten yolk of egg! And it's delicious. And as for their shashlik, there is nothing like it. A real Georgian dinner begins at 5 and goes on till about midnight."
In March 1937 Max Petrovsky was arrested as a supporter of Leon Trotsky. Rose Cohen also became a suspect and Tom Bell, a colleague on the Moscow Daily News was instructed to spy on her. According to a British Intelligence report: "Bell was instructed by his chief in the office to be very friendly with her and not to tell her that she was being watched, also to discuss her husband's arrest as often as possible and... to elicit her views on the matter. He reported that she never spoke of her husband as being guilty, and although he put it to her that he must be guilty, or implicated in some way, otherwise the OGPU would not arrest him, she always replied: An error has been made somewhere."
Max Petrovsky was executed in September, 1937.
Rose and Max were very happy. They were sure, not only of their own future, but of the future of the great socialist revolution of which they felt privileged to be a part.
In 1930 they moved out of the Hotel Lux and into a flat - a rather splendid one by Moscow standards of the time. A letter of 1 June 1930 from Harry Pollitt in Moscow to his wife, intercepted by British Intelligence, says: "Rose and Max are removing to their new flat today." That year one of her jobs was to find ways to send money to the newly launched Daily Worker in London, edited by Bill Rust.
Rose seems to have deceived herself into believing that the average Muscovite benefited as much as she and Max did from the revolution. She did not see the germs of the great terror that was to come, though they lived in Moscow at the time when Stalin was tightening his grip. In retrospect it all seems obvious, but many things look obvious with hindsight.
I've been so busy sun-bathing, sea-bathing, tennis, walking - and eating, that I have had no time to write letters. A real Georgian dinner begins at 5 and goes on till about midnight. We had two such dinners in Tiflis and one in Batoum. And this is accompanied by steady wine drinking. Fortunately, they don't drink vodka, but delicious light Georgian wines, which leave no ill effect or make you drunk. You have to finish the glass at one go and, at special toasts, they drink out of tumblers. I kept my end up with the rest and was accepted as a "sister". A great figure on these occasions is the "termada" or toaster. He is usually chosen as the wittiest person present and his toasts keep things going should they begin to flag. At one dinner we had the most famous termada in Tiflis. He was simply brilliant, and very witty in many languages, including pidgin English. After these `orgies' we went for long drives along the Georgian Military Road.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov (Russian: Михаи́л Никола́евич Бары́шников, Latvian: Mihails Barišņikovs born January 27, 1948), nicknamed "Misha" (Russian diminutive of the name "Mikhail"), is a Latvian-born Russian and American dancer, choreographer, and actor. Born 1948 in Riga, Latvia, Mikhail Baryshnikov is considered one of the greatest dancers of our time.
After commencing a spectacular career with the Kirov Ballet in Leningrad, he came to the West in 1974, settling in New York City as principal dancer with American Ballet Theatre (ABT). In 1978 he joined New York City Ballet, where he worked with George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins. A year later he was appointed artistic director of ABT where, for the next decade, he introduced a new generation of dancers and choreographers. From 1990-2002, Mr. Baryshnikov was director and dancer of the White Oak Dance Project, which he and choreographer Mark Morris co-founded to expand the repertoire and visibility of American modern dance.
He is often cited alongside Vaslav Nijinsky, Rudolf Nureyev, and Vladimir Vasiliev as one of the greatest male ballet dancers in history.
Birthdays in History
- Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar. Queen Mathilde of Belgium, born in Uccle, Belgium Elvis Presley Jr., alleged son of Elvis Presley Geoff Johns, American comic book writer, born in Detroit, Michigan Mayu Shinjo, Japanese mangaka, born in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan Jack Case, American artist Len Wiseman, American director Matteo Salvini, Italian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (2018-), born in Milan, Italy Zef Eisenberg, British ultra-speed racer (world's fastest motorbike on sand 201.5mph fastest wheel powered vehicle 210.33mph) and founder Maximuscle, born in London, England (d. 2020) Max Barry, Australian author Christopher Heinz, American businessman son of Teresa Heinz
Mar 26 Larry Page, American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Sergey Brin), born in East Lansing, Michigan
Apr 4 David Blaine, American magician and illusionist, born in Brooklyn, New York
- Carole Montillet, French skier Spencer "Spenny" Rice, Canadian entertainer, born in Toronto, Ontario Christopher Simmons, American graphic designer, born in Canada J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist, born in East Tawas, Michigan Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter (Geoff Lloyd with Annabel Port), born in Withington, Lancashire, England Isabel Dos Santos, Angolan businesswoman, daughter of ex-President José Eduardo dos Santos, Africa's richest woman, born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR Ian Murdock, German-born American computer programmer (Debian project, Progeny Linux Systems), born in Konstanz, West Germany (d. 2015) David Belle, French physical educator (founded Parkour), born in Fécamp, France Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese artist Daz Dillinger [Delmar Drew Arnaud], American hip-hop performer, born in Long Beach, California Kevin Feige, American producer, President of Marvel Studios (2007-), born in Boston, Massachusetts Kat Swift, American politician (Green Party) Darryl White, Australian rules footballer (Brisbane Bears), born in Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia Zuzana Čaputová, Slovakian politician and activist, President of Slovakia (2019-), born in Bratislava., Czechoslovakia Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka, born in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Indian founder and CEO of mobile payments company Paytm, born in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player Tim Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Niles, Ohio Haakon Magnus, Crown Prince of Norway Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
Jul 23 Monica Lewinsky, American White House intern (improper relationship with Bill Clinton), born in San Francisco, California
- Mur Lafferty, American podcaster & writer, born in Durham, North Carolina Lenka Kotková [Šarounová], Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, born in Dobřichovice, Czechoslovakia Jay Cutler, American bodybuilder (4x Mr. Olympia winner - 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2010), born in Sterling, Massachusetts Sean Sherk, American mixed martial artist James McKeehan, tight end (Tennessee Oilers) Sayyed Muqtada al-Sadr, Iranian Shia cleric, son of Ayatollah Mohammad al-Sadr, born in Najaf, Iran Richard Reid, British terrorist, referred to as the "shoe bomber". Molly Henneberg, American journalist (Fox News Channel) Kamila Shamsie, Pakistani British writer (Home Fire), born in Karachi, Pakistan Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
Aug 21 Sergey Brin, Russian-born American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Larry Page), born in Moscow, Soviet Union
- Theaster Gates, American installation artist, born in Chicago, Illinois Adam Sessler, American TV show host, born in Berkeley, California, Amy Sherald, American painter (portrait of Michelle Obama), born in Columbus, Georgia Tarana Burke, American activist, founder of #MeToo, born in New York City Justin Haythe, American novelist (The Honeymoon), born in London Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur (founder and CEO of Canonical Ltd.), born in Welkom, Orange Free State, South Africa Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist Rodney Kite-Powell, historian Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist, born in Hillsboro, Illinois Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
Oct 14 George Floyd, African American bouncer murdered while restrained in police custody by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 2020)
- Lee O’Denat, American internet entrepreneur (WorldStarHipHop.com), born in Queens, New York (d. 2017) Mayte Garcia, American dancer, born in Fort Rucker, Alabama Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer (Bring in 'da Noise), born in Newark, New Jersey Ryukishi07, Japanese mystery writer Takashi Matsumoto, Japanese photographer and business person Sarah Jones, American playwright, born in Winter Springs, Florida Sammy Leung, Hong Kong disc jockey Luboš Motl, Czech theoretical physicist, born in Plzeň, Czech Republic Sorin Grindeanu, Romanian Prime Minister (2017), born in Caransebeș, Romania Rebekah "Bekah" Mercer, American "Mercer Family Foundation" director and Republican donor, born in Yorktown Heights, New York Stacey Abrams, American politician, lawyer and voting rights activist, born in Madison, Wisconsin Scott Storch, Canadian-American hip-hop producer Alexandre Trudeau, Canadian journalist, born in Ottawa, Canada Dee Ferris, British painter
Debut Album: &aposThe Fame&apos
In 2007, at the age of 20, Gaga began work at Interscope Records as a songwriter for other artists on the label, including Britney Spears, New Kids on the Block and The Pussycat Dolls. R&B singer Akon discovered Gaga while she was performing a burlesque show that she created, called "Lady Gaga and the Starlight Revue." Impressed, Akon signed the performer to his label under the Interscope umbrella, Kon Live. Through 2007 and 2008, Gaga wrote and recorded her debut album, The Fame. The record received positive reviews and was successful in the United States. With the help of her own creative team, "Haus of Gaga," the performer also began to make a name for herself internationally.
&aposJust Dance,&apos &aposPoker Face&apos
Lady Gaga&aposs debut single, "Just Dance," was released to radio in early 2008, and received both popular and commercial acclaim. The song was then nominated for a Grammy Award (for best dance recording) in 2008. The song lost to Daft Punk&aposs "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger," but this didn&apost keep Gaga from reaching No. 1 on the mainstream pop charts in January 2009. The second single off The Fame, "Poker Face," earned Gaga even more success. The song topped singles charts in almost every category, and in almost every country. Both songs were produced by Akon&aposs affiliate RedOne, who co-wrote most of Lady Gaga&aposs album.
A Definitive Ranking of Every Guy Carrie Bradshaw Dated
Much of Carrie Bradshaw's dating history reads like a rap sheet&mdashlots of regrettable mistakes, failed romances, one-night stands, and obvious red flags that everyone but she could see. But there were also the big loves. Carrie's long-term, life-changing relationships with Mr. Big and Aidan are among the most iconic in TV history.
When I revisited Sex and the City most recently, I was surprised to discover Carrie Bradshaw didn't date nearly as many men as I'd thought. There were 28 guys she went out with and/or slept with, not including men she maybe just kissed once or men she may have referenced dating when talking but that we never actually met during the series. Among these 28, there were a few jerks and weirdos, several just-for-fun flings, a handful of innocent casualties who really did nothing wrong except get caught up in the chaos of Hurricane Carrie,and then, of course, the main players who logged the most screen time and experienced the full roller coaster ride. Scroll down for a refresher on the many men Carrie Bradshaw dated, ranked from worst to best.
It's hard to say which of the guys Carrie dated was the worst of all&mdashthere were so many bad ones&mdashbut Vince Vaughn Keith Travers proved himself especially despicable when he lied to Carrie about his connections and being Matt Damon's agent and looking for a fancy new mansion to replace his already super fancy mansion. Her Los Angeles fairytale was quickly dashed when she woke up to Carrie Fisher barking at her hunky Hollywood imposter to no bring hookers over when he's house-sitting. Ouch.
A recovering alcoholic, Patrick Casey started dating Carrie and swiftly fell off the proverbial wagon. His new substance of choice? Carrie Bradshaw. After four dates he told her he loved her, then took offense at her suggestions to the contrary. When she decided they ought to pump the brakes a bit, if for no other reason than the sake of his sobriety, he went into a full downward spiral. When a guy shows up drunk and screaming profanities on your street in the middle of the night, that's probably your cue to end things. The only reason Patrick Casey isn't listed as the worst guy of all is because Carrie did kind of push him into dating before he was ready.
This guy had a bad attitude with a capital B-A-D. After essentially being forced into a set-up with Howie Halberstein, a friend of Harry Goldenblatt's, Carrie endured a painfully unpleasant (literally) sexual encounter that she described as very high school&mdashas in, he had no idea what he was doing and she said nothing. When she politely declined an invitation to round two during Charlotte and Harry's wedding, he proceeded to use his best man speech as a platform to call out Carrie for rejecting him. So not cool.
The worst in a trio of "freaks" Carrie went through in the beginning of Season 2, she dubbed this guy "The Man with Two Faces." He was sweet and funny with her, but then suddenly snapped at the people standing behind them for no good reason. That kind of unpredictable aggression is a big fat red flag. Run away, Carrie, run far away.
PJ was another one of Carrie's freaks. He was an independent film producer who had just received acclaim for his documentary on seagulls. Except he didn't care one bit about the seagulls&mdashthey were just his stepping stone to fame and success in the corporate movie world. But. what about the seagulls??
The final of the three freaks was "The Man Who Steals Cheap Used Books for No Reason ." So he shoved a book down his pants&mdashthere are worse things a guy could do. That said, it's still probably a good thing she didn't pursue things further with this sticky-fingered fellow.
When Carrie was studying women who date like men in the first episode, she turned to Kurt Harrington. He's basically just sex organs on legs, with little desire for anything beyond that level of interaction. Carrie tries to play him at his own game, but it doesn't quite have the effect she was hoping for. The silver lining in all this is she first meets Mr. Big&mdashshe runs into him on the street and drops her purse full of condoms&mdashafter sleeping with Kurt .
Willie Applegate was a graphic designer Carrie went on a late-afternoon semi-date with, solely as a way to alleviate the pressure she felt about her upcoming first date with Jack Berger. This poor guy. he was so awkward and nervous. He asked if she was staring at his stye, then got balsamic vinegar in his stye, a pigeon landed on his head and he fell out of his chair. It was a disaster, which of course made Carrie feel much more at ease about things with Berger.
Why Carrie didn't learn sooner that she doesn't do well dating younger guys is a mystery to me. Wade Adams worked at a comic book store and lived with his parents, but his real shining moment was when he threw Carrie under the bus and blamed her for bringing marijuana into the house. Carrie's shining moment was when she promptly exited the house with said marijuana in hand.
Jake wasn't so bad, but he wasn't so great either. Carrie was feeling down on herself after that very unflattering New York Magazine cover came out, and Jake, being the insensitive dude that he was, failed to recognize how teasing her for it might not be very nice. Carrie didn't end up going home with him though, so good for her.
So he may have mistakenly thought Carrie was a high-class escort and left an envelope of cash by the bed after their time together&mdashbut they had fun and, to be fair, Carrie's friend who introduced them was a high-class escort. Let's chalk it up to an innocent misunderstanding.
There's an unwritten rule in dating: don't try to turn your f*ck buddy into your boyfriend. To be clear, a f*ck buddy is not the same thing as a friend with benefits, because there is no underlying friendship. Carrie discovered this when she attempted to shift hers into something more serious, only to find he was boring and bland and they had nothing in common. Result? She still had no boyfriend, and now no f*ck buddy either.
Rebounding is a problem area for Carrie. After seeking out a therapist at the behest of her friends, Carrie met Seth in the waiting room at her psychiatrist's office. He inadvertently helped her make a breakthrough when he explained he had issues with using women for sex, thereby confirming what her doctor had suggested&mdashthat she does indeed pick the wrong men.
Every girl needs a guy that's just there for a good time when she's feeling down. Jeremiah, a performance artist/cater waiter, was the perfect man for the job when Carrie ran into him after Mr. Big was being a jerk at a fancy white-food-only party. They had a few pitchers of margaritas and Jeremiah came home with her. The next morning, while he was still in Carrie's bed, Big called and told her he loved her.
Carrie had a phase with younger men, Sean being one of them. She soon discovered he was bisexual, which left her a little stunned. It was a party with his friends that created the tipping point&mdashshe couldn't handle their progressive mentality about gender fluidity and a game of spin the bottle pushed her over the edge. It was more her problem than his, though.
A rare encounter in Manhattan, this guy just was not in the same place as Carrie when it came to marriage and the desire to settle down. She was overwhelmed by his commitment and momentum, he was upset by her lack thereof. He was passed off to Charlotte briefly, too, before she decided their tastes in china patterns was entirely incompatible.
Sam was young. Sam was fun. Sam was just what Carrie needed. They enjoyed a few carefree nights out together before Carrie was hit with the reality of just how young he was when she woke up in his messy, toilet-paperless apartment.
Per usual, Mr. Big showed up and snuffed out any chance of things working with Carrie and her new guy/star baseball player. They ran into Big while at a party and then Carrie ended up crying in the Yankee's mouth when he kissed her. Game over.
This guy seemed promising. He even provided a sanctuary for Carrie in the Hamptons when Charlotte got an unfortunate case of crabs. But then she ran into Big and Natasha at a party and all thoughts of Dr. Meego promptly exited her mind.
He was a suave, handsome, successful politician and he pursued Carrie with an intensity that still felt playful and fun. Things stopped being fun when he passive aggressively ended things with Carrie, citing her column as too sexual for him to be associated with. We all know he was just pissed she wouldn't agree to pee on him.
Ah, high school sweethearts. So romantic! And David Duchovny is a charmer for sure. Too bad he was a patient at a mental institute.
It's always great when you get along with your boyfriend's family. It's not so great when you get along with them better than with your boyfriend. Plus, Vaughn Wysel had performance issues in the bedroom that he refused to acknowledge or talk about with Carrie.
After dating a string of freaks, Carrie met Ben in Central Park and they hit it off. He actually seemed like a nice guy&mdashit was Carrie who turned out to be the weird one when he caught her rummaging through his stuff in search of "something freaky."
There were sparks at first sight with Jazz musician Ray King, no matter how much Mr. Big tried to interfere with their flirtations. The relationship seemed fun enough, and they definitely had physical chemistry&mdashbut their lack of things in common and his emotional ADD left them with little more than that.
Berger was a funny and witty writer&mdasha very insecure funny, witty writer. In the end, his own feelings of inadequacy, especially compared to Carrie's success, were too much for him to overcome. He had a logged a lot of screen time, so he's up there on the list, but he broke up with her via Post-It note, so not too up there.
Aleksandr Petrovsky may have put his art before his relationship, but he never really purported to be anything other than what he was. It was a similar scenario to Carrie's relationship with Big, where she expected a set-in-his-ways older man to suddenly change for her. That said, the Russian was significantly more romantic and expressive than Big he swept Carrie off her feet in a way that few, if any, of her other boyfriends ever had.
As a loyal fan of Team Aidan (now you know who #1 in this ranking is), I could never fully wrap my head around why Carrie kept hanging onto Mr. Big&mdashhe caused her so much misery and heartache on so many occasions. The only explanation I can conceive is that they were both damaged and difficult, so when they each went off to be with more stable, steady partners, it never worked because it only magnified their individual issues. However, despite all the drama and rampant insecurities he set off in her, Carrie and Mr. Big had an undeniable chemistry and magnetism that kept bringing them back together and wiping the slate clean. And ultimately, our leading lady became Mrs. John James Preston&mdashall's well that end's well, right?
Into the unknown
Many of the initial cases detected in Wuhan in December 2019 were clustered around the Huanan Seafood Market, a bustling wholesale market selling wildlife products, live animals and frozen goods. As epidemiologists investigated COVID-19 cases in late 2019, the market became a key piece of the origins puzzle. On Jan. 1, 2020, it was shut down.
Sampling of the market on Jan. 1 and Jan. 12 found SARS-CoV-2 in 33 of 585 environmental samples, detecting the virus on door handles, stalls and sewage water. The coronavirus was definitely there -- but how did it get there?
There are two lines of thinking.
The first: An infected human carried it into the market, where it was then able to spread from person to person. This fits the data. There were over 1,000 tenants at the Huanan Seafood Market, and the coronavirus thrives in crowded locations. It fits with the epidemiological data, too -- patients in Wuhan who had not visited the market were infected in early December. The market was more likely an amplifier of COVID-19 spread than the beginning.
The second: Someone -- a trader, a patron, a seller -- was infected inside the market, leading to the first outbreak. This is where the frozen food theory comes into play. It suggests the virus may have hitched a ride on some of this wildlife outside of Wuhan and made its way to the market. Could that be true?
Part of the WHO's investigation was to venture to the market and hunt for clues. In an interview with The New York Times, Peter Daszak, a member of the WHO team, said wildlife was being brought into Chinese markets from regions in southern China and Southeast Asia, where relatives of the coronavirus circulate.
For SARS-CoV-2 to be brought in on frozen food, it had to be circulating somewhere else in the world, like the regions Daszak suggests, prior to December 2019. And if that's the case, there should be other cases of COVID-19 in those areas. But we've not seen any. "The genetics of the virus prove that there was only a single source in November of all human COVID," says Nikolai Petrovsky, a vaccine developer and professor of endocrinology at Flinders University.
More than a year after the pandemic began, we've no evidence of outbreaks earlier than those in Wuhan in December 2019. In addition, animal samples obtained from the market, Daszak says, tested negative for SARS-CoV-2. Ben Embarek suggests checking suppliers and farms to test animals and their environment for signs of the coronavirus -- but why has this not already been done?
The lack of evidence for the theory has some scientists believing a continued focus on frozen food may derail investigations or could further obfuscate the truth of the virus's origins. "This could quite simply be the biggest smokescreen in history," Petrovsky notes.
Shadow Broker Wet Squad [ edit | edit source ]
As the new Shadow Broker, Liara T'Soni has the loyalty of her predecessor's assassination squad, a small but lethal team of soldiers called on for the rare occasion when information isn't enough to silence a target. Their methods vary with each mission: from subtle poisonings to bombing entire buildings, the wet squad is dedicated to whatever range of destruction the new Broker requires. Dr. T'Soni has put them to work against the Reapers and Cerberus.
Mass Effect 3 [ edit | edit source ]
Reputation system [ edit | edit source ]
In Mass Effect 3 morality plays into the Reputation system. Whereas Mass Effect and Mass Effect 2 features separate Paragon and Renegade meters, Mass Effect 3 features a single Reputation meter, to which both Paragon and Renegade points contribute. The narration in the control ending will differ based on whether Shepard was a Paragon or Renegade.
Interrupts [ edit | edit source ]
In Mass Effect 3 interrupts are an addition to the dialogue system that allow Commander Shepard to take direct, often physical, action at certain moments in conversations.
A Renegade interrupt, for example, may have Shepard physically assault another character, while a Paragon interrupt might have Shepard intervene to prevent one character from harming another.
Using a Renegade or Paragon interrupt will typically result in a significant number of the appropriate Renegade or Paragon points being awarded. Usually, not using an interrupt is not considered a moral choice, i.e. not using a Paragon interrupt is not considered a Renegade choice, or vice versa. However there are a few exceptions to this rule in various points throughout the game.
Carrie hires Virgil to put "eyes and ears" into every room in Nick Brody's house and to observe the audio/video feeds for her while she's at work. Because Carrie is paying only $1000 a day, Virgil performs a bare bones job with his younger brother Max Piotrowski instead of with his normal team (Nick and Eddie). Virgil, Carrie, and Max eavesdrop on what they thought was a suspiciously clandestine meeting for Nick, but actually turned out to be a private discussion with Thomas Walker's widow, Helen. Virgil confronts Carrie about the anti-psychotic medication Max found in her bathroom.
Mass Effect 3
On Shepard's first visit to the Citadel after the Reaper attack on Earth, they're approached by Alliance News Network correspondent Diana Allers. She wants to join the Normandy's crew to report from the front lines of the Reaper war. Should Shepard say yes, she will move onto the Normandy and will occasionally interview crew members (and Shepard). Otherwise, she joins another ship.
Shepard investigates Grissom Academy after finding out that they're under Cerberus' attack. After evacuating the students, Shepard can decide where to send Jack, who works as an instructor there, and her class. They can be used as support for other troops, which is safe, or sent off to the front lines to fight, which is considerably more dangerous.
The Rachni Queen
A Krogan team has gone missing, and Shepard is tasked with finding it. They are found on the planet Utukku, under attack by Reaper-controlled Rachni. Grunt, the Krogan squad mate from the second game, is leading them. Shepard and the Krogan fight their way to the source of the Rachni, the Rachni Queen. Shepard has to choose between saving the Rachni Queen by sacrificing the Krogan team, or leaving the Queen to die and rescuing the Krogan team instead.
Shepard searches for a vanished Asari commando unit who went to answer a distress call from an Ardat-Yakshi monastery. There, Shepard finds Samara, who is searching for her two other Ardat-Yakshi daughters, Rila and Falere. Rila ultimately stays behind to detonate a bomb left behind by the commando unit to destroy the monastery, which is now filled with Reaper-indoctrinated Ardat-Yakshi. Shepard, Samara and Falere manage to escape—however, Samara's Justicar code disallows her from letting Ardat-Yakshi run free. Because she would have to kill her own innocent daughter, she resolves to commit suicide.
- Shepard can choose to intervene, which results in Samara going back to fight in the Reaper war, and Falere staying on the planet to rebuild the monastery.
- Shepard can also let Samara pull the trigger. Afterwards, Falere can be deemed a risk and killed, or left alone.
The Volus Fleet
Shepard is asked to investigate Din Korlack, the Citadel's Volus ambassador, for ties to Cerberus. He is found captured by a group of bounty hunters, Zaeed Massani among them. Shepard and Zaeed rescue Korlack, who tells them that Cerberus plans to attack a Turian colony. He refuses to reveal which one, however, afraid that Cerberus will find him. Instead, he offers the support of the Volus fleet against the Reapers. Shepard can either ask for the fleet, or insist on getting the colony's location. If Shepard is persuasive enough, both the location of the colony and the fleet's support can be gained.
Omega: The Reactor
Shepard and Aria T'Loak head to Omega to free it from Cerberus control. There, they join up with Nyreen Kandros, leader of a local rebel gang. While on their way to confront General Oleg Petrovsky, the local Cerberus leader, the trio gets trapped under a force field. Shepard manages to escape, and reaches Omega's reactor. Here, Shepard has to choose whether to immediately kill the power, freeing Nyreen and Aria instantly but putting thousands of civilians in danger by turning off life support, or slowly reroute the power, putting Aria and Nyreen under heavy fire. Ultimately, either choice leads to the two surviving.
Omega: General Petrovsky
There are several ways to deal with General Oleg Petrovsky. Shepard can convince Aria to let him live, which results in him getting taken away for interrogation. Shepard can also let Aria have the general, who gives him a slow, painful death. Alternatively, Shepard can shoot Petrovsky in the head.
Krogan Vs. Salarian
Before taking on the mission to supply the cure to the Genophage to the Krogan, Shepard is approached by the Salarian Dalatrass. She reveals that the Shroud, the facility used to disperse the cure, has been sabotaged by the Salarians to prevent a cure from being distributed. She offers her co-operation in the war effort in return for Shepard making sure the sabotage remains hidden.
- Shepard can tell Mordin about the Dalatrass' plan, though Mordin will realize there is something wrong with the Shroud by himself. He disperses the cure over the planet, sacrificing himself in the process, securing Krogan support for the Reaper war, but losing the Salarians.
- Mordin can be prevented from fixing the sabotage, either by shooting him. This results in the Dalatrass pledging the support of their First Fleet to the war effort. Wrex will eventually find out about the cure failing, and has to be killed.
Geth Vs. Quarian
Shepard's orders take him to the Perseus Veil, to help the Quarian Migrant Fleet fight against the Reaper-controlled Geth forces. Eventually, Shepard finds Legion on the Geth flagship, who is being used to transmit the Reaper signal to the Geth against his will. After purging the Reaper code from the Geth collective and destroying the Reaper base on Rannoch, the Quarian homeworld, Legion tells Shepard that he plans to apply his own version of the Reaper code to the Geth, in an effort to achieve true intelligence. Tali is very much against this.